HTML Results for Special Character Values

There are certain characters, such as the double quote, that are interpreted with a special meaning by HTML. In order to instead get such special characters to print to the screen, it must be enclosed in special characters itself.

These special characters are the ampersand and the semicolon. To print a double quote to the screen, for example, you would type in the string ", so as to avoid having the double quote interpreted incorrectly by the browser software. What is not as widely known, however, is that you can use the ampersand and semicolon construct to print almost any of the higher values of the character set, too.

I've lost count of how many Character Pages the PC supports. Each page maps the decimal values of the characters (0 through 255) to symbols and is different, to a certain degree, than the next. For the most part I'm happy using the first half of the character set (values 0 through 127) which is virtually the same for all pages. Each value of the lower half of the page is mapped to a key on the standard 104 key keyboard.

Apparently, HTML uses an unusual page. The default character set is identified as ISO 8859-1 (ISO is the International Standards Organization), and you need to know the appropriate code in order to enter special characters.

Below, you will find the symbols mapped to the second half of the Character Page supported by HTML. I suppose that I could have researched the correct page, but it was actually easier to write a patch of BASIC code (yes, I'm an oldster) and generate the table automatically. All I needed to do then was add a few HTML tags to generate the table.

So far as I can tell, these character codes are universally supported by a variety of versions of the popular browsers, although the table formatting below requires the higher HTML support that you would get from a version of Netscape equal or greater than version 2.

To have any of the following characters display on your HTML page, simply use the decimal value of the character preceeded by the number sign (#) and surround it by the ampersand and semicolon. For example, if you'd like to display the copyright in a circle (©), the appropriate HTML code would be ©

These codes can also be embedded right into your text by using the ALT key and the numbers pad. This method, although less preferred, also appears to work with most browsers but could cause unpredicatble results. It also appears that several characters are ignored by most browsers. These have the decimal values of 128, 129, 141, 142, 143, 144, 157, 158, and although they could be embedded into your document using the ALT key, only the first of these appears to represent an actual character in the ISO-8859-1 character set.

128 = 129 = 130 = ‚ 131 = ƒ 132 = „ 133 = … 134 = † 135 = ‡
136 = ˆ 137 = ‰ 138 = Š 139 = ‹ 140 = Œ 141 = 142 = 143 =
144 = 145 = ‘ 146 = ’ 147 = “ 148 = ” 149 = • 150 = – 151 = —
152 = ˜ 153 = ™ 154 = š 155 = › 156 = œ 157 = ; 158 = 159 = Ÿ
160 =   161 = ¡ 162 = ¢ 163 = £ 164 = ¤ 165 = ¥ 166 = ¦ 167 = §
168 = ¨ 169 = © 170 = ª 171 = « 172 = ¬ 173 = ­ 174 = ® 175 = ¯
176 = ° 177 = ± 178 = ² 179 = ³ 180 = ´ 181 = µ 182 = ¶ 183 = ·
184 = ¸ 185 = ¹ 186 = º 187 = » 188 = ¼ 189 = ½ 190 = ¾ 191 = ¿
192 = À 193 = Á 194 = Â 195 = Ã 196 = Ä 197 = Å 198 = Æ 199 = Ç
200 = È 201 = É 202 = Ê 203 = Ë 204 = Ì 205 = Í 206 = Î 207 = Ï
208 = Ð 209 = Ñ 210 = Ò 211 = Ó 212 = Ô 213 = Õ 214 = Ö 215 = ×
216 = Ø 217 = Ù 218 = Ú 219 = Û 220 = Ü 221 = Ý 222 = Þ 223 = ß
224 = à 225 = á 226 = â 227 = ã 228 = ä 229 = å 230 = æ 231 = ç
232 = è 233 = é 234 = ê 235 = ë 236 = ì 237 = í 238 = î 239 = ï
240 = ð 241 = ñ 242 = ò 243 = ó 244 = ô 245 = õ 246 = ö 247 = ÷
248 = ø 249 = ù 250 = ú 251 = û 252 = ü 253 = ý 254 = þ 255 = ÿ


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